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VISUAL ART AND ARTS THERAPY FOR HEALING

Abstract

Studies have revealed positive evidence of the use of art therapy programs and visual artworks to facilitate the healing process of patients and staff in healthcare facilities. These researchers have highlighted a strong link between the content of the images and their impact on the reactions of patients to pain, stress, and anxiety. In this regard, hospitals are choosing artworks based on the positive evidence recorded. As a result of the contribution art  has, in the provision of a better healing environment for patients, staffs and service users, this article is a literature review that highlights the results of various researches  on  cancer patients  and a  pilot  study, which  explores the effective  use of  visual arts  and art  therapy programs in healthcare facilities. The objective is to create a foundation for further investigations into the subject of healing with visual art and other art therapy programs in health care. Furthermore, a pilot study was conducted at the Near East hospital to evaluate the visual arts used within the hospital interior.  

TCC_Art_of_Healing_1.jpg

INTRODUCTION

 Research has shown that there has been a rapid awareness and global increase in the issue of healing environment in recent years (Anantha,  2008). Generally, the whole idea of the healing is centered on the fact that the quality of the hospital environment can make a great difference in the recovery of patients  (Altimier,  2004).  Ulrich advocated that a patient in a hospital ward with a  view of trees and landscape will have a quick recovery compared to one facing a view of a plain wall (Ulrich,  1984). Similarly, artists and professionals in the healthcare sector have the perception that art may have positive benefits in the  healing  process  and  healthcare  in general. There has been evidence of the increasing display of artworks, with themes of natural images, which have positive effects on health outcomes. These effects ranges  from  decreased  anxiety  in patients,  increased  tolerance  to  pain  and  reduced periods  of  stay  in  hospitals  (Staricoff  &  Loppert, 2003).  Likewise,  Florence Nightingale in 1859, affirmed the relevance  of  art  in  hospitals,  which raised issues that are highly useful today. Moreover, she  believes that  beautiful objects  of various  forms and colours that are not often appreciated, sometimes have as  much physical effect, as regular  forms and colours  have  on  us  (Nightingale,  1859).  Studies conducted in recent years, supported the notion  that paintings and other forms of visual art can facilitates patients  healing  process.  Furthermore,  the  result of these researches  reveals that  there  is an  association between  images  in  a  piece  of  art  work  and  the positive impacts they  have  on  patient’s response  to traumatic  pain,  anxiety  and  stress  (Landro,  2014; Nanda et al. 2012; Ulrich, 1999). As such, the use of artworks in hospitals has now been highly prioritized so as not to be seen as ordinary decorations for boring corridors and rooms. 

The use of art interventions as a positive distraction is significantly recognized for the rehabilitation of hospital occupants.  On the other hand,  positive distraction has been  defined  as  an  environmental factor  that  promotes positive energy or feelings of individuals without exposing them to any  form  of stress, as such, taking the person's mind off his or her worries (Ulrich et al., 1991). To further buttress this fact,  a  study has shown that patients with breast cancer, testified adverse reduction in anxiety during chemotherapy sessions when exposed to a view of a virtual  realistic  display of underwater sights (Hickman et al., 1992). 

large.20664168_1587520084632391_2475536183783270191_n.jpg.aa2cd307a7c6c3f26db9459420af5f59.jpg

History of Art in Healthcare

 

Visual  art  as  a  western  tradition  started  in  ancient Greece, where architecturally-pleasing halls known as Asklepiea encouraged a sense of calmness and health for patients. The spaces were designed in a way that permits  patients  to  participate  in  the  treatment programs  often  drawn  in  their  dreams  by  the  god Asklepios. This  treatment with dreams later  became archaic  with  the  development  of  modern  medicine and the establishment of monolithic faiths in Europe. (Cork,  2012).  However,  the  aesthetically  pleasing traditional  Athenian  hospitals  in  the  fifth  century, which was forgotten for a long period was revived in the fourteenth century in Siena (Baron, 1996). Founded  in the  cathedral  in  Siena,  the  Spadale DI Santa  Maria  Della  Scala  was  a  space  used  to accommodate  traveling  pilgrims  to  the  various shrines in the city. By 1100, it had expanded from its original use and had started serving the population of Siena as a  hospital for the treatment of illnesses. A frescoes, painted by Simone Martini in the fourteenth century,   which  depicted  a Marriage of the Virgin and the Return of the Virgin to the house of her parents, were commissioned by city officials to be displayed in the hospital.  

Maest_di_Simone_Martin_Palazzo_Pubblico_

 

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On 4/6/2018 at 6:26 AM, sujithputhranartist said:

VISUAL ART AND ARTS THERAPY FOR HEALING

Abstract

Studies have revealed positive evidence of the use of art therapy programs and visual artworks to facilitate the healing process of patients and staff in healthcare facilities. These researchers have highlighted a strong link between the content of the images and their impact on the reactions of patients to pain, stress, and anxiety. In this regard, hospitals are choosing artworks based on the positive evidence recorded. As a result of the contribution art  has, in the provision of a better healing environment for patients, staffs and service users, this article is a literature review that highlights the results of various researches  on  cancer patients  and a  pilot  study, which  explores the effective  use of  visual arts  and art  therapy programs in healthcare facilities. The objective is to create a foundation for further investigations into the subject of healing with visual art and other art therapy programs in health care. Furthermore, a pilot study was conducted at the Near East hospital to evaluate the visual arts used within the hospital interior.  

TCC_Art_of_Healing_1.jpg

INTRODUCTION

 Research has shown that there has been a rapid awareness and global increase in the issue of healing environment in recent years (Anantha,  2008). Generally, the whole idea of the healing is centered on the fact that the quality of the hospital environment can make a great difference in the recovery of patients  (Altimier,  2004).  Ulrich advocated that a patient in a hospital ward with a  view of trees and landscape will have a quick recovery compared to one facing a view of a plain wall (Ulrich,  1984). Similarly, artists and professionals in the healthcare sector have the perception that art may have positive benefits in the  healing  process  and  healthcare  in general. There has been evidence of the increasing display of artworks, with themes of natural images, which have positive effects on health outcomes. These effects ranges  from  decreased  anxiety  in patients,  increased  tolerance  to  pain  and  reduced periods  of  stay  in  hospitals  (Staricoff  &  Loppert, 2003).  Likewise,  Florence Nightingale in 1859, affirmed the relevance  of  art  in  hospitals,  which raised issues that are highly useful today. Moreover, she  believes that  beautiful objects  of various  forms and colours that are not often appreciated, sometimes have as  much physical effect, as regular  forms and colours  have  on  us  (Nightingale,  1859).  Studies conducted in recent years, supported the notion  that paintings and other forms of visual art can facilitates patients  healing  process.  Furthermore,  the  result of these researches  reveals that  there  is an  association between  images  in  a  piece  of  art  work  and  the positive impacts they  have  on  patient’s response  to traumatic  pain,  anxiety  and  stress  (Landro,  2014; Nanda et al. 2012; Ulrich, 1999). As such, the use of artworks in hospitals has now been highly prioritized so as not to be seen as ordinary decorations for boring corridors and rooms. 

The use of art interventions as a positive distraction is significantly recognized for the rehabilitation of hospital occupants.  On the other hand,  positive distraction has been  defined  as  an  environmental factor  that  promotes positive energy or feelings of individuals without exposing them to any  form  of stress, as such, taking the person's mind off his or her worries (Ulrich et al., 1991). To further buttress this fact,  a  study has shown that patients with breast cancer, testified adverse reduction in anxiety during chemotherapy sessions when exposed to a view of a virtual  realistic  display of underwater sights (Hickman et al., 1992). 

large.20664168_1587520084632391_2475536183783270191_n.jpg.aa2cd307a7c6c3f26db9459420af5f59.jpg

History of Art in Healthcare

 

Visual  art  as  a  western  tradition  started  in  ancient Greece, where architecturally-pleasing halls known as Asklepiea encouraged a sense of calmness and health for patients. The spaces were designed in a way that permits  patients  to  participate  in  the  treatment programs  often  drawn  in  their  dreams  by  the  god Asklepios. This  treatment with dreams later  became archaic  with  the  development  of  modern  medicine and the establishment of monolithic faiths in Europe. (Cork,  2012).  However,  the  aesthetically  pleasing traditional  Athenian  hospitals  in  the  fifth  century, which was forgotten for a long period was revived in the fourteenth century in Siena (Baron, 1996). Founded  in the  cathedral  in  Siena,  the  Spadale DI Santa  Maria  Della  Scala  was  a  space  used  to accommodate  traveling  pilgrims  to  the  various shrines in the city. By 1100, it had expanded from its original use and had started serving the population of Siena as a  hospital for the treatment of illnesses. A frescoes, painted by Simone Martini in the fourteenth century,   which  depicted  a Marriage of the Virgin and the Return of the Virgin to the house of her parents, were commissioned by city officials to be displayed in the hospital.  

Maest_di_Simone_Martin_Palazzo_Pubblico_

 

Thanks for sharing. Art is a very wide field. The field is very educative. 

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On 6/4/2018 at 12:26 PM, sujithputhranartist said:

VISUAL ART AND ARTS THERAPY FOR HEALING

i am new to hear this,but honestly,your first picture have a sense,yes just like hypno therapy or what people call,i dont too understand. but,anyway,thanks for sharing with us,this is new for me. will glad to googling about this.

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Visual art like music is soul food when appropriated rightly, like natural healing herbs that heals from d inside... Its beautiful we surround ourselves we beautiful arts, makes me happy..tnx for sharing  

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Thank you for sharing this topic and sub-topic! Indeed it really affects each humans inner feelings when they see, hear, touch and even smell and taste art. Reason why some art works are so priceless!

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